Kwik-Key to Common Families of Hymenoptera

Select "A" or "B" for your specimen:

A.   There is a narrow junction (“wasp waist”) between the thorax and the abdomen.   There are no more than two closed cells in the hind wing.


B.   The abdomen is broadly joined to the thorax (there is no “wasp waist”).   There are three closed basal cells in the hind wing.